Artificial Intelligence: The Power of Future
AI (Artificial Intelligence) is the field of computer science which addresses the ways wherein computers could be made to do cognitive functions ascribed to humans. It is the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, especially computer systems. When access to digital computers became possible in the middle 1950s, AI research began to explore the possibility that human intelligence could be reduced to symbol manipulation. Artificial intelligence and increasingly complex algorithms currently influence our lives and our civilization more than ever. Everything we love about civilization is a product of intelligence, so amplifying our human intelligence with artificial intelligence has a potential of helping civilization flourish like never before – as long as we manage to keep the technology beneficial. The areas of AI application are diverse and the possibilities extensive: in particular, because of improvements in computer hardware, certain AI algorithms already surpass the capacities of human experts today. As Artificial Intelligence capacity improves, its field of application will grow further. In concrete terms, it is likely that the relevant algorithms will start optimizing themselves to an ever-greater degree may be even reaching superhuman levels of intelligence. This technological progress is likely to present us with historically unprecedented ethical challenges. Many experts believe that alongside global opportunities, AI poses global risks, which will be greater than, say, the risks of nuclear technology—which in any case have historically been underestimated. Furthermore, scientific risk analysis suggests that high potential damages should be taken very seriously even if the probability of their occurrence are low. Furthermore, science fiction often portray AI as robots with human – like characteristics, AI can encompass anything like autonomous weapons. AI may be dangerous as autonomous weapons are artificial intelligence systems that are programmed to do wrong things. In the hands of criminals, these weapons could easily cause mass casualties. Moreover, an AI arms race could inadvertently lead to an AI war that also results in mass casualties. To avoid being attacked by the enemy, these weapons would be designed to be extremely simple to simply “turn off,” so humans could possibly take control of such a situation. This risk is one that’s present even with narrow AI but grows as levels of Artificial Intelligence and autonomy increase. Artificial intelligence will drastically change the future of this world as we are trying to create self-learning machines.
The future of this world is in our hand, it depends on us that how we evolve technologies. Artificial intelligence can be asset or can be dangerous depends upon the way we are evolving machines.
Mr. Deepak Sharma
Department of Information Technology